Celadon, a high grade stoneware first appeared in Thailand about 700 years ago, and has since been an intrinsic part of Thai culture. Although ceramics were produced in Thailand as far back as the 9th century, the expertise and techniques for producing Celadon didn’t originate until the late 13th century, around the time when King Ramkhamhaeng united the Thai Kingdoms of Chiang Mai and Phayao with the capital at Sukhothai, north of Bangkok. From these beginnings, wars with Burma wrought havoc on Siam’s stoneware industry for about 350 years until the 19th century. Many Siamese craftsmen were captured and enslaved in Burma, however once hostilities between the two countries subsided, Burmese craftsmen migrated to Chiang Mai, where there was an abundance of good clay and once again Celadon began being produced in the shadow of its past traditions. Traditional techniques of manufacturing are still used today with a few 20th / 21st century differences. Kilns are now fired by gas rather than wood, other than that the process is just as it was all those years gone by.